Transactions on Transport Sciences, 2017 (vol. 8), issue 1

Editorial A focus on vulnerable road users

Ralf Risser, Karel Pospíąil, Matúą ©ucha

Transactions on Transport Sciences 2017, 8(1):1-2 | DOI: 10.5507/tots.2017.001

Traffic safety and step-by-step driving licence for young people

Charlotte Tønning, Niels Agerholm

Transactions on Transport Sciences 2017, 8(1):3-10 | DOI: 10.5507/tots.2017.002

Young novice car drivers are much more accident-prone than other drivers - up to 10 times that of their parents' generation. A central solution to improve the traffic safety for this group is implementation of a step-by-step driving licence. A number of countries have introduced a step-by-step driving licence for young drivers within the last decades. The Danish Government has also decided to introduce it for a three-year trial. The Danish trial added an opportunity to the traditional driving licence education to drive together with an experienced driver from 17 to 18 years old. This paper presents a review of safety effects from step-by-step driving...

IMPACT - Traffic safety campaigns for young people

Daniel Vankov, Clemens Kaufmann

Transactions on Transport Sciences 2017, 8(1):11-23 | DOI: 10.5507/tots.2017.003

IMPACT is a European project that aims to promote road safety and explore synergies between all stakeholders in the participating countries (Bulgaria, Romania, Hungary, Belgium, Argentina and China). This will be achieved by project activities focused on relevant issues such as informal education and training. The goal is to help young people play an active part in society by making their main mobility modes (walking, cycling and/or motorcycle use) both safer and an integral part of their lives as responsible road users. The Open Youth Institute for Research, Education and Development (iRED) trained youth workers and animators in the participating...

The importance of communication between cyclists and other traffic participants and its potential in reducing traffic safety-critical events

Christine Chaloupka-Risser, Elisabeth Füssl

Transactions on Transport Sciences 2017, 8(1):24-30 | DOI: 10.5507/tots.2017.004

Over 7,600 pedestrians and cyclists died on European roads in 2013. The pressing question is how traffic safety for bicyclists can be increased? Communication is essential in traffic in order to inform other road users and to coordinate their behaviour. The current paper focuses on developing a methodology to analyse cyclists' communication resp. interaction with car drivers and other traffic participants in order to obtain a better understanding of critical events. The relation of communication and infrastructure will be discussed. The general hypothesis is that infrastructure has a marked influence on the communication between cyclists and other...

Bicycle Traffic in the Czech Republic: The Ways of Influencing the Behaviour of People Involved in It

Matúą ©ucha

Transactions on Transport Sciences 2017, 8(1):31-37 | DOI: 10.5507/tots.2017.005

The main objectives of the present paper are to provide general information about the development and safety of bicycle traffic in the Czech Republic and the ways of influencing the behaviour of road users to promote a higher share of bicycle traffic and increase the safety of cyclists. A theoretical model of influences on road users' behaviour, applied to the issue of bicycle traffic, was used for this purpose. The safety of cyclists in the Czech Republic still seems to be rather low in comparison with other developed countries of the EU (such as the Netherlands, Denmark, and Germany), where, moreover, the intensity of cycle traffic is much higher...

Vulnerable Road User needs towards ITS

Daniel Bell, Ralf Risser

Transactions on Transport Sciences 2017, 8(1):38-43 | DOI: 10.5507/tots.2017.006

Due to fast development of new technologies in the field of Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) a number of new research topics arise, especially in view of vulnerable road users (VRUs). While most advancements in the ITS sector are primarily targeting motorised transport with focus on safety and ecological aspects of transport, there is still a lack of both research and innovation considering VRUs. The vulnerable road users and ITS (VRUITS) project, co-funded by the European Commission, aims at actively integrating the "human" element into the ITS approach. The focus of this paper is on the mixed methods approach applied in the project to assess both...

Cycling and designing for cyclists in Germany: Road safety, Guidelines and Research

Benjamin Schreck

Transactions on Transport Sciences 2017, 8(1):44-57 | DOI: 10.5507/tots.2017.007

Cycling is considered a social, eco-friendly, pollution-free, low noise and healthy activity and mode of transportation. The socially and politically desired increase of attractiveness and promotion of cycle traffic is expected to shift the modal split towards non-motorized traffic. This could contribute towards a more environment-friendly mobility. There are currently around 70 million bicycles including 2.5 million electrically assisted bicycles (pedelecs) in Germany. This number is expected to increase in the near future with greater use of electromotive assisted bicycles. The changes in cycle use, the increasing use of electrically assisted...