Transactions on Transport Sciences, 2014 (vol. 7), issue 3

South Moravian Mobility Study Basic Findings and Comparison with German Data

P. Malina, P. Kouřil, P. Šenk

Transactions on Transport Sciences 2014, 7(3):91-96 | DOI: 10.2478/trans-2014-0006

Transport planning in the Czech Republic faces the problem of a lack of data on travel behaviour. The paper deals with the usability of foreign travel behaviour data for transport modelling in the Czech Republic. The authors present their findings on the example of a comparison between the results from the data analysis of a travel demand survey in the South Moravian region, which was performed in 2013 on the sample of 1000 households and a German survey Mobilität in Deutschland.

Low-Emission Zones in European Countries

M. Tögel, L. Špička

Transactions on Transport Sciences 2014, 7(3):97-108 | DOI: 10.2478/trans-2014-0007

Low-emission zones are currently one of several tools which are in use for the improvement of air quality thanks to the limited entry of vehicles to European city centres. This article describes basic characteristics and parameters of low-emission zones in comparison with other types of used restrictions and explains the evaluation system of particularly environmental benefits and impacts. These theoretic assumptions are confronted with established low-emission zones in selected European urban areas; measured benefits and impacts of individual measures are evaluated and compared.

Comparison of Noise Level Measurement of Road Surfaces in the Czech Republic Using the Close Proximity Method

V. Křivánek, K. Effenberger

Transactions on Transport Sciences 2014, 7(3):109-116 | DOI: 10.2478/trans-2014-0008

Transport Research Centre (CDV) owns a uniquely-constructed trailer in the Czech Republic which serves for road surface noise level measurement using the CPX dynamic method. It is specialised equipment which is in accordance with the ISO 11819-2 standard design used in the Czech Republic. Within the EU, the measurements using the CPX method are conducted by several, primarily research-focused, institutions. In order to determine whether CDV results are eligible for international comparisons, comparison noise level measurement using the CPX method was conducted in the Czech Republic during joint work on the CESTI project (TE01020168 - Centre for Effective...