Transactions on Transport Sciences, 2013 (vol. 6), issue 1
The Risk Estimation of Dangerous Liquid Transport
M. Balatka, J. Havlíček
Transactions on Transport Sciences 2013, 6(1):1-8 | DOI: 10.2478/v10158-012-0026-z
Transportation of liquid substances by tank vehicles on the road is an integral part of our economy. It is the petroleum products, especially fuel, that are transported in the vast majority of cases. Transportation of these hazardous liquid substances must comply with strict rules to ensure maximum transport safety. Nevertheless, there are situations where the liquid outflows outside of the car tank. The most common causes are the traffic accidents, various technical failures or human failure. Immediately following this outflow surface water and soil are threatened.
Our department develops software that is able to estimate the risks of hazardous...
Quay Cranes in Container Terminals
A. Bartošek, O. Marek
Transactions on Transport Sciences 2013, 6(1):9-18 | DOI: 10.2478/v10158-012-0027-y
Container's transport over the world plays a major logistics role in the contemporary global economy. Seaports and their container terminals represent an important function in the logistics chain. The transshipment speed of containers in the container terminal is the significant factor participating in the overall transport time. Quay cranes served as one of the essential elements of the trans-hipment containers in the container terminal. This paper deals with quay cranes, comparing particular specific crane's components. Furthermore, the paper carries out an analysis of the optimal quay crane productivity, with regard to contemporary requirements....
Converting Recorded RDS-TMC Services into XML to Simplify Following Quality Assessment
P. Bureš, J. Vlčinský
Transactions on Transport Sciences 2013, 6(1):19-26 | DOI: 10.2478/v10158-012-0028-x
RDS-TMC is a technology for distributing traffic information over the air. Despite its age, its popularity is still growing and is in many countries being freshly implemented. Because the way the information is encoded into RDS data is complex, it is quite difficult to objectively test and evaluate any RDS-TMC service; many times the evaluation simply states "it works" or "it does not work" on some particular device. This paper describes our approach to the conversion of raw RDS data into XML, which is much easier to understand and evaluate. We describe the format of XML and also mention possible technologies and tools which could help evaluating the...
Concept of the Mechanically Powered Gyrobus
Transactions on Transport Sciences 2013, 6(1):27-38 | DOI: 10.2478/v10158-012-0029-9
The new gyrodrive concept is an innovation of the mechanical gyrobus transmission by Hampl & Vítek (2006). The legitimate aim of substituting urban buses with zero emission vehicles is actually very difficult to achieve. First of all, no existing non-rail vehicle for urban mass transport can compete with urban buses in terms of cost. Even trolleybuses on the busiest lines are less economically efficient. In addition, they lack the flexibility of buses. Electrobuses with their heavy and slow to charge accumulators are almost as expensive as fuel-cell buses whose specific problem is refueling with compressed or liquefied hydrogen. A gyrodrive does...
Health Benefits of the Low Emission Zone Introduction in Prague City Centre
V. Máca, J. Melichar
Transactions on Transport Sciences 2013, 6(1):39-46 | DOI: 10.2478/v10158-012-0030-3
This paper presents an assessment of the economic benefits of the possible introduction of a low emission zone in central Prague restricting the access of vehicles that do not meet specified emission limits. Two variants were considered: in the first scenario entry is banned for vehicles that do not meet the EURO 2 emission limit, and in the second scenario access restriction applies to vehicles that do not meet the EURO 3 emission limit. The spatial extent of the zone is designed to cover the wider city centre, while allowing unrestricted access on the boundary roads of the zone. Using the impact pathway approach based ExternE methodology, an estimation...
Phenomena Disturbing European Security and Tasks for Future Research
Transactions on Transport Sciences 2013, 6(1):47-60 | DOI: 10.2478/v10158-012-0031-2
Based on the concept that Europe and its parts are represented by the model "System of Systems", denoted as a human system, the in-depth study of disasters and disasters' management reveals the tasks for future security research. The formulation of tasks for research is based on the philosophy that each responsible government should protect their inhabitants daily and especially during critical situations. The outputs show that European citizens are very threatened by organisational accidents, the causes of which are human behaviour defects and, mainly, human management defects on all levels of government.
Open Problems in Protection of Life-Giving Infrastructures and Supply Chains
Transactions on Transport Sciences 2013, 6(1):61-72 | DOI: 10.2478/v10158-012-0032-1
Based on the concept of safe community there are followed couplings created in the human system by life-giving infrastructures and supply chains. The assessment of harm caused by their failures and the level of management of these failures reveals open problems in the followed domains and these were used for formulation of requirements for future research.