Transactions on Transport Sciences, 2012 (vol. 5), issue 3

Human Factor Case - Tool for Systematic Identification and Management of Human Factor Issues for Air Traffic Management Project

R. Štecha, J. Šulc, V. Voštová

Transactions on Transport Sciences 2012, 5(3):111-118 | DOI: 10.2478/v10158-012-0013-4

This paper presents human factor as a crucial element of flight safety. It is a generally known fact that human factors play an important role in incidents and accidents in aviation, especially regarding pilots and technical personnel, as well as air traffic controllers. The amount of air transport grows dramatically year by year as the saturation of air traffic service airspace similarly increases, filled with sporting (amateur) aviation, military, and other flights (aero-medical, sightseeing flights, etc.). The relationship between human performance and safety has been a long-standing issue with Air Traffic Control authorities, since human performance...

Noise from Rail Transport within the European Legislation on Interoperability

K. Neubergová

Transactions on Transport Sciences 2012, 5(3):119-126 | DOI: 10.2478/v10158-012-0014-3

This paper is focused on rail transport and the environment, particularly the relationship between noise from rail transport and the directives of the European Union. There are two main areas of legislation on traffic noise originating from the European Commission - Interoperability Directives and Environmental Noise Directive. At the beginning of this paper the noise sources from rail transport are noted. The following sections of this paper present the Directives on interoperability and their historical development. This paper focuses mainly on the role of noise from rail transport in Interoperability Directives. Lastly, the possible measures for...

Political Effect on Major Transport Elements of Budapest after the Transition

G. Gaal, Á. Török

Transactions on Transport Sciences 2012, 5(3):127-136 | DOI: 10.2478/v10158-012-0015-2

The aim of our article is to describe the connection between the Hungarian political environment and the development of the transport system of the Hungarian capital, Budapest, since the beginning of economic transition. The starting point of our research is the beginning of the transitions as from this period the political parties had the chance to make changes in the transport sector in order to build a liveable city. The authors have reviewed the urban transport programs of the parties, which they planned to realize in the case of winning the elections. The authors have dealt only with parties which were present in the Parliament during all parliamentary...

Selected Problems of Electric Vehicle Dynamics

J. Kovanda, P. Kobrle

Transactions on Transport Sciences 2012, 5(3):137-142 | DOI: 10.2478/v10158-012-0016-1

This paper deals with the analysis of unsprung masses of electric vehicles with the in-wheel drive, from a dynamics point of view. The system safety and comfort are evaluated. This paper also brings together the modern possibilities of use of the propulsive components of the in-wheel drive - the basic types of electronic commutated motors. The technical note presents the ROMO vehicle - a project of DLR (German Aerospace Center).

Energetics, Security and the Sustainable Development of Cities

B. Duchoň, Z. Říha

Transactions on Transport Sciences 2012, 5(3):143-150 | DOI: 10.2478/v10158-012-0017-0

Life in cities and its quality increasingly depends on transport means and on the energy used for their propulsion. A much discussed reason for the substitution of classical energy sources is also energy security; a second reason is the decreasing energetic returnability of oil. This paper draws attention to some aspects connected with accessibility to passenger transport in the city system. It is emphasized that the solution of the abovementioned problems takes into consideration many factors, not only those from the field of transportation. These factors influence one another; therefore it is necessary to find ways how to harmonize these factors...

ITS and Electronic Toll Systems

L. Bína, H. Nováková, M. Jánešová

Transactions on Transport Sciences 2012, 5(3):151-168 | DOI: 10.2478/v10158-012-0018-z

In the paper the Czech toll system and its future are presented. The paper describes also the ITS solutions for use of the possibilities of electronic toll system for reducing congestion on the highway network of the Czech Republic, as well as solutions of differentiated toll tariffs and their impact on changes of fleet towards ecological vehicles with EURO V and higher engines. In conclusion, it is presented a new certified methodology used to determine the toll tariffs in terms of EU directives.

Technical Note - Participation in the Balloting Process of ASTM International

K. Pospíšil

Transactions on Transport Sciences 2012, 5(3):169-170

The Technical Note informs about selected problems solved by ASTM International which the author considers interesting from his point of view. Comprehensive information on ASTM International can be obtained from their website, www.astm.org.