Transactions on Transport Sciences, 2011 (vol. 4), issue 3
Transport and Health Risks of Transport
V. Adamec, R. Ličbinský, R. Cholava
Transactions on Transport Sciences 2011, 4(3):115-134 | DOI: 10.2478/v10158-011-0011-y
The increasing amount of gases and solid pollutants emitted into the atmosphere have a considerable impact on human health and environmental ecosystems. Specifically, long exposure to high concentrations of pollutants may lead to a shortening of life by several years due to cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, and contributes to increased risk of death. Recent studies also indicate cancer occurrences related to some pollutants, namely PM, that are hazardous not only due to their physical parameters, but mainly due to their content of many dangerous organic compounds, such as hydrocarbons, polyaromatic hydrocarbons and their derivates, and inorganic...
The Possibilities for Mitigating Negative Effects of Transport
V. Adamec, J. Jedlička, R. Ličbinský
Transactions on Transport Sciences 2011, 4(3):135-150 | DOI: 10.2478/v10158-011-0012-x
The success of the correct execution of designed measures depends on our succeeding in reducing the negative influences of transport on health and the environment; however, to eliminate these negative effects it is almost always necessary to take more measures. In this case we speak of a set of measures which are inter-connected, and their efficiency is thereby enhanced. As an example, it is possible to mention the increase of the positive influence of a new service of urban public transport on the reduction of car transport, together with the building of an park and ride facilities in a suitable area on the public transport service route. From the...
Sustainable Development and Transport
J. Jedlička, I. Dostál, V. Adamec
Transactions on Transport Sciences 2011, 4(3):151-164 | DOI: 10.2478/v10158-011-0013-9
Transport is one of the crucial factors in the development of individual countries. However, there is a constant contradiction between society, which requires ever higher mobility, and the public opinion, which is less and less tolerant towards the negative impact transport has on the environment and health, chronic delays, and the low quality of some transport services. Considering the fact that transport demands are rising steadily, we should not be restricted only to the construction of new infrastructure and opening markets. It is necessary to optimize the transport system so that it meets the requirements for sustainable development. The modern...
R. Ličbinský, J. Dufek, J. Jedlička, M. Ličbinská
Transactions on Transport Sciences 2011, 4(3):165-172 | DOI: 10.2478/v10158-011-0014-8
The mentioned legal regulations determine the basic terms and determine the fundamental principles of protection of the environment and the duties of natural persons and legal entities in the protection and improvement of the condition of the environment and in the use of natural resources; nevertheless, it is absed on the principle of sustainable development. The right conception of the legislative framework, which deals with the protection of the environment in a complex way, could contribute considerably to the improvement of the conditions of the environment.
R. Ličbinský, M. Ličbinská
Transactions on Transport Sciences 2011, 4(3):173-182 | DOI: 10.2478/v10158-011-0015-7
Transport and transport research are significant carriers of economic activities. They play a crucial role in the assurance of sustainable development, and the economic and social growth of Europe. The European transport sector needs to be effective, which means creating an appropriate coordination framework and balancing public and private sources for the support of necessary research activities. Therefore, for the realization of scientific research projects in the following period the use of their results in practice will be of essential importance. The possibility of the application of projects of science and research will be, e.g. in the field...