Transactions on Transport Sciences, 2011 (vol. 4), issue 2

Transport and its Role in the Society

I. Dostál, V. Adamec

Transactions on Transport Sciences 2011, 4(2):43-56 | DOI: 10.2478/v10158-011-0006-8

Non-motorised transport, pedestrian, and bicycle transport are most often considered to be the most environmentally friendly types of personal transport; the railway is considered as environmentally friendly as well. Air transport seems to be a problem and the worst impact on the environment is represented by road transport, mainly individual. Rail transport is considered to be the most environmentally friendly regarding the transportation of goods, on the other hand the most unfavourable is road transport. The evaluation of water transport is ambiguous, because it represents a significant risk in case of accidents and the building of the infrastructure...

Transport Requirements for Energy and Resources

L. ©pička, J. Jedlička, R. Cholava

Transactions on Transport Sciences 2011, 4(2):57-70 | DOI: 10.2478/v10158-011-0007-7

This article provides a comprehensive look at the energy and resources required for transport and also at the benefits and disadvantages of replacing conventional energy resources in transport. Besides the issue of replacing fossil fuels, it also describes various trends in alternative drives, which are compared with conventional drives, in terms of energy efficiency and environmental impact.

Economic Aspects of Transportation

V. Máca, A. Daňková, J. Jedlička, R. Haitmarová

Transactions on Transport Sciences 2011, 4(2):71-80 | DOI: 10.2478/v10158-011-0008-6

Economic tools lead to the elimination of all unfavourable environmental externalities of economic activity. This provides a solution to the issue of property rights and the full application of the principle " the contaminator pays", with the goal that prices would reflect all costs, including the externalities. The individual economic tools have diffrent forms, such as various payment systems, and recently the even more stressed environmental tax reform. Market-compatible tools are gradually being applied as well. A definite requirement is the cancellation of environmentally harmful subsidies, which still exist in practically all countries in the...

The Social Aspects of Transport

A. Daňková, I. Dostál

Transactions on Transport Sciences 2011, 4(2):81-90 | DOI: 10.2478/v10158-011-0009-5

Spatial mobility is a very broad term in social sciences, and it can take various forms when we consider the mobility of people and things, the mobility of "pictures" or virtual mobility, much like the levels from the global to the international and even up to the micro-level of everyday life. From the mentioned range of topics, which definitely need not be considered exhaustive, it is apparent that transport should not be considered only a technical phenomenon and mobility only a geographical phenomenon. Both terms have a connection with a lot of social phenomena, they are influenced and they influence a range of social processes and structures, as...

The Unfavorable Influence of Transport on the Environment

R. Ličbinský, V. Adamec

Transactions on Transport Sciences 2011, 4(2):91-112 | DOI: 10.2478/v10158-011-0010-z

Transport has become an important factor in the development of the society, both in a positive (transport of people, raw materials, products, information) and a negative sense (traffic accidents, emissions). The rapid growth of transport capacity and the quantity of passenger and freight vehicles is reflected in the increasing environmental burden. Hence compounds emitted from all transport modes occur in all environmental components. These compounds often have adverse effects on ecosystems, animals, plants, and human health, and thus it is important to observe their occurrence in the environment.

Technical Notes on Usable Information to the Segments of Development of Economic Environment influencing Demand on Transport Market

A. Peltrám, J. Domácí

Transactions on Transport Sciences 2011, 4(2):113-114

Transport sector is heavy influnced by all fluctuations on the market with goods traffic services and passenger services concerning demand - the only "stored" potential to cover unpredicted growth of traffic are free "mobile" capacities of vehicles, and in some extent capacities of transport infrastructure.
Findings in the below quated article analyse effects of large balance sheet adjustments in corporate sector as a result of economic crisis; they prooved the impact of greater adjustments on the level of GDP, that could be transmit into the sectoral structure of demand for transport.
These adjustments could refine medium term forecasting of...