Transactions on Transport Sciences, 2017 (vol. 8), issue 2

Transactions on Transport Sciences 2017, 8(2):62-69 | DOI: 10.5507/tots.2017.012

Drunk driving in the Czech Republic: Motivation, risk-reducing strategies, and opinions about sanctions

Petr Zámečníkb, Václav Linkova,*, Nikol Nesvadbováa
a Transport Research Centre (CDV), Líąeňská 33a, Brno 63600, Czech Republic
b Department of psychology, Palacký University, *Corresponding author: vaclav.linkov@cdv.cz

We examined Czech drunk drivers and their opinions and beliefs about drunk driving, strategies to avoid being caught, and their understanding of the associated legal punishments. Two focus groups were conducted with a total of 10 people who had suspended driving licenses and who had experience with driving under the influence of alcohol. The participants incorrectly believed that a small amount of alcohol does not influence their driving behavior. Some of them incorrectly believed that alcohol might be eliminated from the blood by eating, drinking water, using capsules, or having a short sleep. Most of them declared that they drove under the influence of alcohol because they thought that they were not drunk. Only some expressed that they drove under the influence willingly and repeatedly. Drunk driving was usually a weekend activity. They tried to avoid being caught by police by employing defensive strategies, like using side and one-way roads, driving in a traffic jam, traveling during early morning hours, concentrating excessively on their driving, and wearing inconspicuous clothes. They do not have precise knowledge about the legal sanctions for drunk driving. They are most afraid of having their driver's license suspended. They think that the sanctions are not fair, because they are not applied to all people in the same way.

Keywords: Drunk driving; offenders' beliefs; motivation; attitudes about punishment.

Received: May 23, 2017; Accepted: November 21, 2017; Published: December 18, 2017Show citation

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Zámečník, P., Linkov, V., & Nesvadbová, N. (2017). Drunk driving in the Czech Republic: Motivation, risk-reducing strategies, and opinions about sanctions. Transactions on Transport Sciences 8(2), 62-69. doi: 10.5507/tots.2017.012.
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